What is Alopecia?

Alopecia, or more correctly, Alopecia Areata, is a type of hair loss that is caused by a person’s immune system attacking their hair follicles which is responsible for hair growth. This ordinarily occurs on the scalp area but also can occur on the entire body. The most common areas affected by Alopecia Areata are the scalp and beard. Like most autoimmune diseases, experts in the hair loss field are uncertain as to why this occurs. The hair follicles are not always permanently damages but in some cases the resulting hair loss is not reversible. Typically Alopecia Areata occurs in people younger than 20 but children and adults alike may be affected and it affects both men and women equally.

What are the signs of Alopecia Areata?

Alopecia Areata can start out as simple as hair starting to thin. Over time though, clumps of hair can begin to fall out. When the hair does begin to fall out, it will fall out over a very short amount of time and commonly occurs more on one side of the scalp than the other. Normally the hair just begins to thin and progress to obvious patches of baldness. In extreme cases not only does the person have comprehensive loss of scalp hair, they may also lose the hair on their entire body.

When the hair begins to fall out the underlying skin is unscarred and looks normal. The patches tend to take on a round or oval shape but this is not always the case, these areas tend to tingle and may even be painful.  Another characteristic often seen in Alopecia Areata patients is what is called exclamation point hairs. Exclamation point hairs are hairs that are narrower along the length of the strand closer to the base.

The exact causes of Alopecia are not know but there are several factors that seem to stand out that suggest you are more likely to have permanent hair loss.

  1. Individuals diagnosed with alopecia frequently have family members who have also been affected, which would suggest it is hereditary
  2. Having another autoimmune disease such as Multiple Sclerosis
  3. Are prone to allergies

Apollo is here to Help

Because hair is an important part of appearance, hair loss can result in feeling unattractive. Apollo is here to help you through your hair loss. If you have been diagnosed with diffuse alopecia areata (Hair loss if diffused over the entire scalp), Alopecia areata monolocularis (baldness in one spot) or alopecia totalis (total hair loss on the scalp), we can help get you back to feeling yourself again. Contact us today for a free, no obligation, and confidential consultation